Sai chyup lu na Miwa nat kanu (vampire) a asak hpe dai ni jahkrung dat sai
Myanmar-China gas pipeline starts to operation
by-(Xinhua News Agency)
A Myanmar-China natural gas pipeline (Myanmar section), co-invested by
six parties from four countries including Myanmar, China, South Korea
and India, was inaugurated in northern Myanmar's Mandalay on Sunday.
At about 4:12 pm (local time), Myanmar Vice President U Nyan Tun,
Energy Ministers U Than Htay and U Zeya Aung, Chinese Ambassador to
Myanmar Yang Houlan and a South Korean representative jointly started up
the commissioning button.
When torches flamed in the sky of
Namkham Measuring Station of Myanmar-China Gas Pipeline, a storm of
applause and cheers broke out on the ceremony site and Namkham Metering
The pipeline is part of a so-called Myanmar-China Oil
and Gas Pipeline project, which also includes building a crude oil
pipeline. Starting from Kuaykphyu, it passes through Rakhine state,
Magway and Mandalay regions and Shan state and enters Chinese territory
at Ruili, Yunnan province through Namhkan.
The gas pipeline
stretches for 793 km onshore within Myanmar's territory with six
processing stations, while the crude oil pipeline, which is nearing
completion, starts from Made Island and extends onshore for 771 km.
The gas pipeline has a designed annual throughput of 12 billion cubic
meters before off-loading in Myanmar. The transmission capacity of the
crude oil pipeline on the Myanmar side is designed at 22 million tons
per year with a 300,000-ton crude oil wharf being added.
the completion and commissioning of the whole project, 2 million tons of
crude oil and 20 percent of the designed throughput of gas will be
off-loaded in Myanmar, which will be helpful to promote Myanmar's
economic development and people's living standards.
ventures -- South-East Asia Crude Oil Pipeline Co., Ltd. (SEAOP) and
South-East Asia Gas Pipeline Co., Ltd. (SEAGP) -- were registered and
established with investment from all parties to respectively take charge
of operation of the two pipelines.
The SEAOP involves China
National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise
(MOGE), while the SEAOP involves CNPC of China, DAEWOO of South Korea,
OCEBV of India, MOGE of Myanmar, KOGAS of S. Korea and GAIL of India.
The two joint ventures have conducted operations in strict accordance
with specifications and patterns of international pipeline projects
since the beginning of pre-feasibility study stage, according to sources
with the investors.
Responsible official of the SEAOP Jiang
Changliang said at the commissioning ceremony that the areas where the
pipeline passes through are featured with complicated terrain and
environment, which posed serious challenges to the construction.
After three years of construction, the gas pipeline (Myanmar section) was completed and underwent test run on May 30.
The Myanmar-China Oil and Gas Pipeline project is said to have created a
huge amount of job opportunities for local people, hiring as many as
over 6,000 for the construction work.
Meanwhile, a total of
more than 220 Myanmar enterprises were involved in the project with
their employees being technically trained.
There has also been
socio-economic development aid projects undertaken along the
Myanmar-China gas pipeline project areas. So far, $20 million have been
donated for use in education, medical treatment, health and disaster
Besides, 45 schools and 24 clinics have been built to
improve the teaching facilities for 19,000 students and medical
facilities for 800,000 local people.
The joint ventures also
offered 10 million dollars for repairing high voltage power grid line in
Kyaukphyu, in which CNPC donation accounted for 3 million dollars.
In the second half of 2012, when Rakhine state experienced communal
riot, the joint ventures extended 50,000 US dollars of aid in cash and
10 tons of rice. Moreover, they also donated 50, 000 dollars to
quake-hit victims in central Myanmar.
Observers here said the
China-Myanmar Oil and Gas Pipeline project is a multi-national and
mutually beneficial energy project and also carries the goodwill of the
peoples of China and Myanmar, adding it is bound to promote the regional
economic development while deepening the China-Myanmar "Paukphaw"
Kachin, tribal peoples occupying parts of northeastern Myanmar (Burma) and contiguous areas ofIndia (Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland) and China (Yunnan). The greatest number of Kachin live in Myanmar (roughly 790,000), but some 150,000 live in China and a few thousand in India. Numbering about 1012,000 in the late 20th century, they speak a variety of languages of the Tibeto-Burman group and are thereby distinguished as Jinghpaw, or Jingpo (Chingpaw [Ching-p’o], Singhpo), Atsi, Maru (Longvo), Lachid, Nung (Rawang), and Lisu .
The traditional Kachin religion is a form of animistic ancestor cult entailing animalsacrifice. As a result of the arrival of American and European missionaries in Burma beginning in the late 19th century, a majority of the Kachin are Christian, mainly Baptist and Roman Catholic. Among the Kachin in India, Buddhism predominates.